The Mokelumne (pronounced moo-ka-la-mi), located at the junction of northern, southern and eastern Sierra botanic provinces, is renowned for its incredible diversity. Elevations range from 4,000 feet near Salt Springs reservoir to over 10,380 ft at Round Top Peak in the north.
Visitors will immediately notice the variety of rock comprising its mountains and canyons. An important example of “crest zone” geology, the metamorphic rock capping Mokelumne Peak once covered most of the Sierra’s granite. This layer of volcanic rock, sand, and mud can be found here alongside weathered granite as old as the dinosaurs.
First protected under the Wilderness Act of 1964, the Mokelumne’s borders were expanded under the California Wilderness Act of 1984. The wilderness takes its name from the Mokelumne River, which was named after a Mi-wok Indian village located on the banks of the river in the Central Valley. The Mokelumne Wilderness spans 105,165 acres that straddles parts of the El Dorado, Stanislaus, and Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forests.
Situated on the crest of the Sierra, spread between three National Forests, the Mokelumne is one of the more accessible wilderness areas in the region. From the north, many visitors enter the wilderness from along Hwy 88 as it crosses Carson Pass. From the east, Markeeville along Hwy 89 is a common point of entry, and from the south Hwy 4 runs along the edge of the Mokelumne as it clears Ebbetts Pass and Bear Valley.
The Mokelumne Wilderness was designated by Congress across the boundaries of three National Forests. While the Forests strive to manage the area as a whole, some differences in management on each Forest’s portion remain. Determining “how to get a permit from who for where” can still be confusing, but here are the basics:
Permits are required year-round for all overnight trips (one per group). (Why?)
Carson Pass Management Area (Eldorado NF, Amador District)
Information on how to obtain a permit can be found here.
- Camping in the Carson Pass area is allowed only in designated sites at Winnemucca (three sites), Round Top (six sites), and Fourth of July Lakes (six sites).
- Snow camping is allowed if there is at least one foot of snow.
- From the Friday before Memorial Day through Labor Day weekend, an overnight stay limit of two nights for Round Top and Winnemucca Lakes and three nights for Fourth of July Lakes will be in effect.
- During the summer a $5.00 day use fee is charged at the Carson Pass, Carson Pass overflow, Woods Lake and Meiss trailheads. These passes can be purchased on site. Other types of annual passes accepted during the summer include the Eldorado National Forest and Lake Tahoe Basin Management Unit Parking Pass, the Interagency Pass, the Interagency Senior Pass, and the Interagency Access Pass.
- During the winter, a Snow Park permit is required, which costs $5.00 for day use or $20 for an annual pass. You can obtain a pass from the OHMVR website or check with the Amador District Office for more information on obtaining these passes.
Eastern Section (Humboldt-Toiyabe NF, Carson District)
The eastern portion of the Mokelumne Wilderness is managed by the Carson Ranger District of the Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest. Permits are available at trailheads on the Carson Ranger District: Ebbetts Pass, Wet Meadows, and Thornburg Canyon. Permits are also available at the Information Center in Markeeville, CA. These permits are not valid for the Carson Pass Management Area.
Southern Section (Stanislaus National Forest, Calaveras District)
If you are leaving from a trailhead on the Stanislaus (off of the Highway 4 corridor), you must obtain a free wilderness permit from the Stanislaus Natinal Forest.
Pacific Crest Trail Long-distance Hikers
Long-distance hiking along the PCT usually requires planning many months in advance, as PCTA-issued permits and some Park and Forest Unit permits are limited. If you plan to conduct a hike along the PCT that begins on the Mokelumne and extends for more than 500 miles north, or past Tuolumne Meadows to the south, you will either need to obtain a permit from the Pacific Crest Trail Association or obtain permits covering all the National Park and National Forest Units you plan to travel through.
MAXIMUM GROUP SIZE
12 people for day trips, 8 people for overnight trips with the exception of specially permitted groups traveling the Pacific Crest Trail.
Additionally, stock use is restricted to no more than 4 head and no more than two nights at Camp Irene and upper Hermit Valley.
Black bears are increasingly common in the Mokelumne Wilderness, with individuals being displaced from the lower elevation western slopes into the higher country. Food must be stored properly at all times. Bear resistant food canisters are recommended. Use the bear section to learn more.
Campfires are generally allowed within the Mokelumne Wilderness in areas below 8000 feet in elevation, except
- Campfires are prohibited in the area from Carson Pass to Kirkwood Ski Area including Frog, Winnemucca, Round Top, Fourth of July, and Emigrant Lakes.
- Campfires are restricted around Salt Springs Reservoir (at 4000’) to protect prehistoric resources
In places where fires are allowed, please make sure that you use an established fire ring and only used dead and down wood. Check out the fire resource section for more info.
Domestic pets are allowed in the Mokelumne Wilderness at this time. You are responsible for their actions as well as their welfare. In the Carson Pass Management Area pets should be leashed or physically restrained at all times. Elsewhere within the Wilderness, dogs should be either leashed or under direct voice control. Dogs can be injured by other dogs, stock animals, or wildlife. They can also disturb other campers or harm or harass wildlife. The Amador and Alpine County leash laws will be enforced inside the Wilderness boundary where dogs off leash are an impediment or hazard to the safety of any person, or where dogs are harassing or molesting wildlife.
- Camping is not permitted at Frog Lake to protect and promote the restoration of the shoreline.
- When there is a foot of snow on the ground you cam camp in the Carson Pass Management Area at a non-designated site except at Frog Lake, which is closed year-round to camping.
- Camping is not permitted within 100 feet of water, trails, or “no camping” postings within the Stanislaus’s portion of the Mokelumne Wilderness.
- Camping within 300 feet of Emigrant Lake is not permitted in order to protect and promote the restoration of the shoreline.
Eldorado National Forest
Amador Ranger District
26820 Silver Drive
Pioneer, CA 95666
Phone: (209) 295-4251
TTY (209) 295-5996
Stanislaus National Forest
Calaveras Ranger District
PO Box 500
Hathaway Pines, CA 95233
5519 Highway 4
Hathaway Pines CA 95233
Phone: (209) 795-1381
19777 Greenley Road
Sonora, CA 95370
Phone: (209) 532-3671
TTY: (209) 533-0765
Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest
Bridgeport Ranger District
HCR 1 Box 1000
Bridgeport, CA 93517